• Elk can be dangerous

  • If the animal is responding to your presence, you are too close.

  • Give elk plenty of room. Keep at a distance of at least 30 metres (or 3 school bus lengths).

  • Do not approach elk or their calves.

  • Make noise. Elk can endanger themselves or humans by suddenly running into traffic or fences if spooked.

  • Female elk can be especially aggressive during the May-June calving season.

  • Male elk can be especially aggressive during the September-October breeding season.


  • If you are charged by an elk, position yourself behind a solid structure such as a tree or car. Because of their long legs, elk have difficulty making tight turns to get around these objects.

  • If you have bear spray, consider using it.